Have you ever known a time in American history when the topic of immigration wasn’t center stage in the City of Your Choice Times? I certainly haven’t. And this is a good thing. It’s productive and healthy for democratic societies to have ‘national conversations’ that impact us all in unique ways. Like many hot topics, feelings and ideas about immigration and diversity seem to be divided into two diametrically opposed views: either immigration is a powerful tool that contributes to our uniquely American success story or, conversely, we’ve reached a tipping point where immigration is about to do us in and be our kiss of death.
My sense is that, many people on both sides of the equation drive their arguments from an emotional standpoint, as well as sound academic and political research. They either set their gearshift in ‘fear’ mode or ‘touchy-feely’ mode. I’d like to present a few pieces of hard data that may help us sort through the emotional draw and focus on the facts. The following is based on The Global Detroit Study, a research initiative that sheds light on the role and impact foreign-born residents have on one of the most economically depressed regions of our country. The findings reveal why it may be our new immigrants who help move Detroit out of its current state of economic despair and usher it into a new age of prosperity. Key findings of the study show:
- Immigrants residing in southeast Michigan are 150 percent more likely to possess a college degree than the non-immigrant population (37 percent to 23.7 percent). In addition to being educated, immigrants predominate the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields that are critical to technologies, innovations, and businesses that power the New Economy jobs and firms. In fact, while the foreign born comprise only 12.5 percent of the U.S. population, they possess half of all new Ph.D.s in engineering; 45 percent of all new Ph.D.s in life sciences, physical sciences, and computer sciences; and 40 percent of all new masters degrees in computer sciences, physical sciences and engineering.
- The National Venture Capital Association estimates that 25 percent of all public, venture-backed firms launched in the U.S. from 1990-2005 were started by immigrants. These are the most commercially successful of all new economy firms. Similarly, Vivek Wadhwa’s work at Duke University uncovered that 25.3 percent of all high-tech startups in the U.S. from 1995-2005 had at least one immigrant founder.
- Throughout urban American, immigrants have played a critical role in stabilizing neighborhoods and bringing population growth to central cities that haven’t seen growth since the first half of the Twentieth Century. Immigrant entrepreneurs have shown an innate ability to provide commercial retail services in core city neighborhoods that are in desperate need of jobs, retail offerings, and investment. Ethnic enclaves in central cities are often characterized by lower crime rates, reduction in blight, increasing property values, and new energy.
With the next round of elections about to unfold, the immigration debate will surely get louder and hotter. I’d like to encourage all of us to remember to look at the data when assessing how we can continue to create a prosperous, diverse, and noble America.